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The Mind Map Book - II

Cat: ICT
Pub: 2003
#: 1611b

Tony & Barry Buzan


The Mind Map Book II

マインドマップ II

  1. Introduction:
  2. Natural Architecture:
  3. Foundations:
  4. Structure:
  5. Synthesis:
  6. Uses - Personal:
  7. Uses - Family:
  8. Uses - Educational:
  9. Uses - Business & Professional:
  1. 序文:
  2. 自然のアーキテクチャ:
  3. 基礎:
  4. 構造:
  5. 合成:
  6. 個人利用:
  7. 家族利用:
  8. 教育利用:
  9. ビジネス利用:
; Accept, Apply, and Adapt; Basic Ordering Ideas (BOI); Brainstorming images: Branching Association Machine (BAM); Edge into; External mirror-image; Grappling hooks; Group Mind Map; ImPReSS; Life-Management; Mama; Master Mind Map; Mind Map Organic Study Technique (MMOST); Note-Making; Note-Taking; Relationships between those facts; Synaesthesia; Universal Personal Organizer (UPO); Writer's Block; Words & images;
  • Already summarized "The Mind Map Book" by the same authors.
  • Here is the second summary of the same book, trying to express the Mind May way in this HTML text with full of indents.

>Top 0. Introduction:

  • History:
    • Mind Map is formally introduced in spring 1974, with the publication of THe MInd Map Book's parent book - Use Your Head.
    • the number of people using Radiant Thinking and Maind Mapping has increase at anear logarithmic pace.
    • Mind Mappers' Society has been formed.

0. 序文:

  • Mind Mapの小史:

>Top 1. Natural Architecture:

  • §1: The amazing brain:
    • The brain cell: 1 trillion brain cells (neurons).
      • Each tentacle is like the branch of a tree, radiating from the nucleus. (dendrite)
      • long branch = axon; main exit of information
      • synaptic button; synaptic gap; chemical will be transferred across the minute.
    • >Top Psychology of learning - Remembering: "ImPReSS"
      • Items from the beginning of learning period (Primacy effect)
      • Items from the end of the learning period (Recency effect)
      • Any items associated with things or patterns already Stored, or linked
      • Any items which appeal particularly to any of the five Senses
      • Those items which are of particular interest/Impression
    • Gestalt - Wholeness:
      • Our brains tend to look for pattern and completion; satisfied by the structure.
    • Brain's five functions: reinforce each other
      1. Receiving: taken in any of our senses
      2. Holding: store and recall information
      3. Analyzing: Pattern-recognition and information processing
      4. Outputting: Thinking and Communication in speech or gesture
      5. Controlling: Referring to all mental functions, including healthy mind/body.
    • History of human intelligence:
      • First, pictures, paintings
      • then, symbols, image, and scripts ->writing
      • Chinese character, Egyptian hieroglyphics
      • Greek & Roman empire
  • §2: The Great Brains:
    • The notes of Leonardo da Vinci:
      • demonstrate the point, using words, symbols, sequence, listing, linearity, analysis, association, visual rhythm, numbers, imagery, dimension and gestalt - an example of a complete mind expressing itself completely.
    • The notes of Picasso:
      • similarly comprehensive.

  • §3: Brains in quandary:
    • Standard linear notes:
      • Note-making: organizing your own thoughts, in a creative, innovative way.
      • Note-taking: summarizing someone else's thoughts in a book, article or lecture.
    • Tools sues for standard note-making/taking:
      • Linear patterning: in straight line. Grammar, chronological sequence and hierarchical sequence.
      • Symbols: letters, words and numbers.
      • Analysis: standard notes show an almost complete absence of:
        • Visual rhythm, Visual pattern. color, Image, Dimension, Gestalt, Association
        • 95% is making notes to bore themselves, to distract, and to goes sleep
    • Disadvantages of standard notes:
      • to obscure the key words: important idea are conveyed by key words - usually nouns or strong verbs, that bring back sprays of relevant associations whenever they are read or heard; obscured by the mass of less important words.
      • to make it difficult to remember: monotonous notes are visually boring.; sheer monotony of making such lists puts the brain in a semi-hypnotic trance.
      • to waste time: encouraging unnecessary noting, requiring reading of unnecessary notes, and searching for keywords.
      • to fail to stimulate the brain creatively: prevents the brain from making associations; when faced with list-style notes, the brain constantly has the sense that it has come to the end, like mental narcotic, slowing and stifling our thought process.
    • Consequences for our brains:
      Repeated use of inefficient note-making/taking systems has following consequences:
      • to lose our powers of concentration.
      • to acquire time consuming habit of making notes
        • to pour more effort into very activity that was making one misunderstand and forget what was studying.
      • to experience loss of confidence in our mental abilities.
      • to lose love of learning
      • to suffer from boredom and frustration

  • §4: >Top The Radiant Thinking:
    • Your brain's processing system:
      • the number of associations already used may be thought of as your memory, database, or library.
      • a gigantic, Branching Association Machine (BAM)
      • the more you learn/gather new data in an integrated, radiating, organized manner, the easier it is to learn more.
    • Radiant Thinking: refers to associative thought processes that proceed from or connect to a central point.
      • Min Map is the external expression of Radiant thinking.
      • Every word and image becomes in itself a subcenter of association; in a infinite chain of branching patterns away from the common center.
      • is drawn of 2D page it represents a multidimensional reality, encompassing space, time and color.

  • §5: The Way Ahead:
    • The Mind Map is an expression f Radiant Thinking and a natural function of the human mind.
    • Four essential characteristics:
      1. The subject is crystallized in a centra image.
      2. The main themes radiate from the central image
      3. Branches comprise a key image or key word
      4. Branches form a connected nodal structure.

1. 自然のアーキテクチャ:

  • §1: 驚くべき大脳:
    Axon terminal: (Wiki)
    Neuron-A is transmitting a signal to Neuron-B
  • 記憶の心理学:
  • learningcurve
    • 意欲・関連・五感・興味・直近
  • 文字
    • 表音文字 phonogram
    • 表意文字 ideograph

  • §2: 偉大な大脳:

  • §3: 困惑中の大脳:

  • §4: 発散する思考:

>Top 2. Foundations:

  • §6: Brainstorming Words:
    • Analyzing the results:
      • To find those words which are exactly common to all members.
      • Then check and discuss the number of common words.
        • There will be many words common to the whole group, with only a few words unique to any individual.
        • Yet, after thousands of trials, we have found that even one word common to all members is a rarity.
        • The more people there are in the group, the less chance there is of any one word being common to all members.
    • Results of similar exercises:
      • A popular misconception; the more you educate people, the more clone-like they will become.
      • The opposite is true: the more you educate people, the more unique their vast, and growing, networks of associations become.
    • Implications:
      • Every human being is far more individual and unique than has hitherto been surmised.
    • Applications:
      • So-called delinquent, abnormal, or eccentric behavior may often now be perceived in a new light as appropriate divergence from the norm, leading to increase creativity.
      • In this way many apparent social problems may actually turn out to be solutions.

  • §7: >Top Brainstorming Images:
    • In 1970 Scientific American published: 2560 photo slides shown every 10 seconds; It took 7 hours for the subjects to view all the slides.
      • The accuracy of their recognition was between 85-95%.
      • It was carried out a second experiment with one slide per every second.
      • The results were identical; the brain has extraordinary capacity to imprint and recall with no loss of accuracy, at incredibly high speeds.
      • The experiments with visual stimuli suggest that recognition of pictures is essentially perfect.
    • Images are therefore often more evocative than words, more precise and potent in triggering a wide range of associations, thereby enhancing creative thinking and memory.
      • This shows how ludicrous it is that over 95% of note-taking/making is done without the benefit of images.
      • Where the brain develops its ability to image, so it develops its thinking capacity, its perceptual abilities, its memory, its creativity, and its confidence.
    • Mini-Mind Map image exercise:
      • to overcome their inhibitions about drawing 'bad' images. No matter how bad the initial images may seem, because of the trial and success (not error); there will be continued improvement.

  • §8: From Brainstorming to Mind Mapping:
    • Memory works by an activation process, which spreads from word to associated word via these links.

  • §9: >Top Mind Mapping:
    • Combining the two cortical skills of words and images multiplies your intellectual power.
    • Effects of images on learning: 9-10 year-old children to learn words such as brain, magazine, trouble, and truth.
      1. Group-1: read the word and its definition, wrote them down and then created their own images of both the word and its definition.
      2. Group-2 did the same as Group-1, except that instead of creating their own images they traced a picture.
      3. Group-3; simply wrote down the word and its definition over and over again.
      4. A week later the children were tested for their recall of the words and definitions: The result was G1>G2>G3
      • The Mind Map not only uses images, it is an image.
        • The Mind Map harnesses the full range of cortical skills - word, image, number, logic, rhythm, color and spatial awareness.
    • >Top Introduction to hierarchies & categories:
      • Basic Ordering Ideas (BOIs); the key to shaping and steering the creative process of association.
      • they are the chapter headings in wring a book.
      1. Group-1: shown words hierarchically; such as instrument, strings, percussion, violin, viola, cello, ....
      2. Group-2 shown the same words randomly.
      3. Both groups were then tested on their ability to recall the words.
        • the result was G1>G2
    • Journey through the mind of a mind mapper:
      • Is the range of associations ad infinitum?
      • As an idea is set down it is 'finished with', divorced from the ideas which precede or follow it. This constant guillotining of new thoughts is one of the major factors.
        • think of as many uses for a given idea; the average number is a paltry 26.
      • It can associate anything with anything else, in almost instantaneously find association, especially when given the trigger of an additional stimulus.
        • Due to lack of knowledge about our own minds, such mental blocks strike some people dumb for seconds, minutes, hours, years, even for life.
      • If this were a book, what would its chapter headings be?
      • Basic questions: Who, When, Where, What, Which, Why, How? (6W1H)
      • What is a larger or more encompassing category?

2. 基礎:

  • §6: ブレーストーミングの単語
    • 結果の分析:
      • メンバの共通語を探す
    • 同様の試行展開:
    • 示唆:
    • 応用:

  • §7: イメージをブレーンストームする:
    • イメージ連携の効果:







  • §8: ブレーンストーミングからマインドマップへ






  • §9: 言葉とイメージの組合せテスト
    • G1: 言葉と定義+独自のイメージ
    • G2: 言葉と定義+既成のイメージ
    • G3: 言葉と定義のみ
    • 記憶の成績は: G1>G2>G3
    • Mind Mapは絵を扱えるだけでなく、絵そのもの
    • アイデアの階層 (BOI):
      • ランダムなアイデアより
    • 連想の旅路

>Top 3. Structure:

  • §10: The Guiding Principles
    • Imagine you are a Martian from a billion-year-old civilization;
      • Earth-dwellers are squeezing their intelligences out only through the incredibly narrow and restrictive channel of language.
      • Many of them experience actual nausea at the mere prospect of learning.
      • Ancient Eastern teacher traditionally gave: obey, cooperate and diverge.
      • >Top Mind Mapping equivalents are the 3 A's; Accept, Apply, and Adapt:
        • Accept: to follow the laws exactly, imitating the models.
        • Apply: to develop your style, and experimenting with different types.
        • Adapt: to experiment with ways of adapting the form.
    • Rationale of the Mind Map laws:
      • Use a central image:
        • an image automatically focuses the eye and the brain; triggers numerous associations.
        • a particular word can be made into an image by using dimension, and attractive form.
      • Use three or more colors per central image.
      • Use dimension in images and around words.
      • >Top Use synaesthesia (blending of the physical senses).
        • words or images that refer to the senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch. (Cf. The Odyssey)
      • Use variations of size of printing, line and image.
      • Use organized spacing; for clarity of the image; Use appropriate spacing.
    • Use association:
      • Use arrows; guide your eye to connect
      • Use colors; for enhancing memory.
      • Use codes; instant connections between different parts
    • Be clear:
      • Use only one key word per line
      • Print all words.; Print key words on lines.
      • Make central lines thicker; Make your images as clear as possible.
      • Make your boundaries embrace your branch outline.
      • Keep your paper placed horizontally.
    • Layout:
      • Use hierarchy; Use numerical order
    • Break mental blocks:
      • Add blank lines; Ask questions; Add image
      • Review your Mind Maps: after 30 min., a day, a week, 1/3/6 mo.
      • Do quick Mind Map checks.
    • Prepare your mental attitude:
    • Prepare your materials:
    • Prepare your workspace/environment:
    • Messy Mind Map is no good:

  • §11: Developing a Personal Style:
    • The art of Mind Mapping:
      • provide ideal opportunity to improve hand/eye coordination.
      • enable your brain to express its own artistic and creative personality.
    • The story of a great Mind Map artist:

3. 構造:

  • §10: 原則とは
    • 10億年の文明からの観察
    • Mind Mapの守破離:
    • Mind Mapのルール
      • 中心のイメージ
      • 色彩の活用
      • イメージ・言葉の次元
      • イメージ・言葉の共感覚
      • フォント・線などの多様性
      • 空白の利用
      • 関連性
      • 明白であること
      • レイアウト
      • メンタルブロックの除去
    • 関連性の活用
      • 矢印の活用
      • 色彩の活用
      • コードの活用

  • §11: さまざまなスタイルの応用:
    • Mind Mapのアート
    • Mind Mapのストーリー

>Top4. Synthesis:

  • §12: Making Choices:
    • General decision-making; highlighting the key trade offs.
    • Dyadic decision; yes/no, better/worse, stronger/weaker, more/less
    • Intuition/Superlogic: gives the brain a wider range of information
    • incubation: allow your brain to incubate an idea; paraconscious
    • if the weightings are equal; to toss a coin (ultimate dyadic device)
    • Dealing with indecision:
    • Benefits of dyadic Mind Maps; from dyadic to triadic choice.

  • §13: Organizing Your Own Ideas:
    • >Top Note-Making:
      • to extract information from either your memory or creative reservoirs and organize in an external form.
    • Complex Mind Mapping:
      • useful BOIs:
        • 6W1H; Divisions (chapters); Properties (characteristics); History (chronological sequence); Structure (forms of things); Function (what things do); Process (how things work); Evaluation (how good things are); Classification (how things are related); Definitions (what things mean); Personalities (what role/characters)
    • Thought building exercises:
      • Object-X
      • key-trade offs

  • §14: >Top Organizing Other People's Ideas:
    • Note-taking:
      • to receive others' ideas from speeches, books and media, organizing into a structure that reflect their original thought.
      • to reorganize it to suit your own needs. Note-taking should be supplemented with the note-taker's own thoughts.
    • Four main functions of notes:
      • Mnemonic; Memory is indeed a major factor but by no means the only one.
      • Analytic; identify the underlying structure of the information; extract BOI and hierarchies from linear information.
      • Creative; combine notes from external environment with notes made from internal environment (analysis and creative thought)
      • Conversational; should include the spontaneous thoughts that arise in your mind while listening to the lecture or reading.
    • >Top Establishing a productive mental set for note-taking:
      • use the Mind Map Organic Study Technique (MMOST):
        • Very quickly browse the entire book or article:
        • Work out the length of time to be spent studying:
        • Mind Map what you already know in that subject area to establish associative mental grappling hooks.
        • Define your aims and objectives
        • Take an overview of the text
        • Move on to the preview
        • Next is inview, in which you fill in the bulk of the learning puzzle.
        • Then review stage; in which you go back over the difficult areas you skipped in the earlier stages.
    • Polycategoric Mind Maps for note-taking:

  • §15: Memory:
    • Mnemonic techniques; use of imagination and association.
      • Creative thinking is based on imagination and association.
    • A Greek Myth:
      • Zeus and Mnemosyne; a coupling which resulted in the birth of 9 muses.
        • Erato - love poetry; Calliope - epic poetry; Euterpe - lyric poetry; Polyhymnia - hymns; Thalia - comedy; Melpomene - tragedy; Urania - astronomy; Clio -history; Terpsichore -dance
    • Mind Map as a multi-dimensional memory device:
    • Mnemonic Mind Map as a mirror of creativity

  • §16: Creative Thinking:
    • Aims of creative Mind Mapping:
      • to clear the mind of previous assumptions about the subject, thus providing space for new creative thought.
      • to create new conceptual frameworks within which previous ideas can be reorganized.
    • Mind Map as a creative thinking mechanism:
  • §17: >Top The Group Mind Map:
    • Functions of group Mind Mapping:
    • Creating a group mind
      • Defining the subject
      • Individual brainstorming
      • Small group discussion
      • Creation of first multiple Mind Map
      • Incubation
      • Second reconstruction and revision
      • Analysis and decsion-making
    • Examples of group Mind Maps in action
      • 8m long Boeing Aircraft Mind Map; 100 engineers, saving $11M
      • EDS
      • Oxford/Cambridge Universities
      • Benefits of group Mind Mapping:
        • instantaneous feeds back
        • creates an emerging consensus
        • acts as hard copy for the group memory
        • tool for each individual's self development

4. 合成:

  • §12: 選択をする
    • 意思決定; トレードオフ
    • 二択
    • 直感
    • 孵卵
    • 不決定
    • 三択

  • §13: 自分のアイデアの組織化
    • 作文
    • 有効な構造化(BOI)
    • 思考構築訓練

  • §14: 他人のアイデアの組織化
    • ノート記述
    • ノートの4大機能
      • 物まね
      • 分析
      • 創造
      • 会話
    • ノート記述のメンタルセット
      • Mind Map組織研究技術(MMOST)
        • 速読
        • 完了時間予測
        • 既知との関連
        • 目的の定義
        • 難所の復習

  • §15: 記憶
    • 語呂合わせ
    • ギリシャ神話
    • Mind Mapは多次元の記憶デバイス
    • 語呂合わせMind Map




  • §16: 創造的思考:
    • ゼロベースでの思考
    • 既存知識の再編成



  • §17: グループMind Map:
    • グループMind作成
      • 主題の定義
      • 個々のブレーンストーム
      • 小グループでの議論
      • 多様なMind Map作成
      • 孵卵
      • 第二の再構築・反省
      • 分析と意思決定
    • グループMind Map事例
      • Boeing: 8m長
      • EDS
      • Oxford/Cambridge大学
      • グループMind Mapの有益
        • 即フィードバック
        • コンセンサス構築
        • グループメモとしてのハードコピー
        • 各人の自己開発ツール

>Top 5. Uses - Personal:

  • §18: Self-Analysis:
    • Preparation of your environment
    • Quick-fire Mind Map burst
      • full and free flow of facts, thoughts and emotions.
      • make it easier to express all your idea.
    • Reconstruction and revision
    • Reviewing the past and projecting future goals
    • Examples of self-analysis Mind Maps:
      • Macroscopic and microscopic views
      • make future planning easier
      • acts as a permanent record
      • help others analyze themselves
      • make easier to express emotions by colors, images and codes.

  • §19: Problem-Solving:
    • Personal problem-solving using Mind Map
    • Interpersonal problem-solving using Mind Maps
    • The stages of interpersonal problem-solving:
      • Preparation of your environment
        • materials should be of the highest quality
      • Creation of the Mind Maps
      • Formal discussion
    • Benefits of interpersonal problem-solving Mind Maps

  • §20: The Mind Map Diary:
    • >Top Universal Personal Organizer (UPO):
      • large leap from linear note-taking
      • incorporated color, imagery, symbols, codes, humour, daydreams, gestalt, dimension, association, visual rhythm
    • Yearly Plan (anno plan):
      • to give you an overview of the the major events
    • Monthly Plan:
      • Dates drop from the top left; hours range from top left to top right.
      • each day has tasks <5
      • with consistent color
    • Daily Plan
      • 24-hour clock in the upper left corner.
      • divide into five major branches.
    • Life-Planning divisions:
      • Health and wellness:
      • Family and friends
      • Creativity
      • Wealth and work
    • >Top Benefits of the Mind Map Diary:
      • To provide macroscopic and microscopic view of your life.
      • a comprehensive life-management tool.
      • to enhance your powers of self-analysis, problem solving and personal organization; also enrich your family life.

5. 個人利用:

  • §18: 自己分析:
    • 環境準備
    • Mind Map乱射
      • 事実・思考・感情の自由流
    • 再構築
    • 過去の反省と未来の展望
    • Mind Mapの自己分析
      • 巨視的・微視的
      • 色・図・コードによる感情表現

  • §19: 問題解決
    • 自己問題解決
    • 対人問題解決
    • 対人問題の段階分析
      • 環境の準備
      • Mind Mapの作成
      • 公式議論

  • §20: Mind Mind日記:
    • 個人的オルガナイザー(UPO)
      • 普通の日記より飛躍
      • 色、イメージ、シンボル
    • 年計画: 全体像
    • 月計画:
      • 日付は左右; 時間は上下
      • 最大5 項目以下/日
    • 生涯計画
    • Mind Map日記のメリット:
      • ライフマネジメント
      • 自己分析力UP; 問題解決力

>Top 6. Uses - Family:

  • §21: Family Study & Story-Telling:
    • Mind Map story-telling:
    • Group Mind Map Family Study
    • The family Mind Mapping study day
    • Benefits of family Mind Mapping:
      • to use Mind Maps for story-telling, the family's creativity
      • Individual study speed and effectiveness
      • family members engage in conversation
      • knowledge is enhanced than linear notes
      • as a means of communication with other family members.
      • strengthens the family unit and supportive of the intellectual interests of the others.
    • Family Mind Mapping in practice:

6. 家族利用:

  • §21: 家族での物語
    • 家族研究
    • 家族でのMind Map効用
      • 家族での物語創造力
      • 迅速と効果
      • 会話がはずむ
      • 知識が増える
      • 他の家族との会話として
      • 家族の絆強化、知的好奇心

>Top 7. Uses - Educational:

  • §22: Thinking:
    • Mind Mapping for essays:
      • to take essential elements from linear material
      • to add items or points wherever most relevant; not limit of branches
      • to edit your Mind Map into a cohesive whole.
      • to write the essay, using the Mind Map as a framework.
      • >Top Writer's Block:
        if you get blocked, simply add new lines; such blocks will disappear as soon as you realize that the are actually created not by your brain's inability but by an underlying fear of failure and a misunderstanding.
      • Finally, review your Mind Map and put the finishing touches to your essay.
    • Mind Mapping for examinations:
      • to select the questions to answer, noting in mini-Mind Maps.
      • to decide in what order your are going to answer the questions, and how much time you will devote to each.
      • to do quick-fire Mind Map bursts on all the questions to answer.
      • to cross-refer throughout your knowledge structure, and to conclude by adding your own thoughts and interpretations.
    • Mind Mapping for projects and reports:
      • from a few pages report to a doctoral thesis, can be made much easier by Mind Map.
      • to decide how much you plan to cover within a given time; time/volume targets are just as important in long-term projects as in short-term ones.
      • to take notes from source material, to write up search results, to organize and integrate your ideas.
    • Examples of Mind Map projects:
    • Benefits of Mind Maps for presentations and writing tasks:
      • to eliminate the stress and unhappiness caused by disorganization, fear of failure and writer's block.
      • >Top to free your associative grappling hooks to take in new information and ideas.
      • to reduce the time needed for preparation, and structuring.
      • to put in continuous control of the analytical and creative process.
      • to result in a more focused, organized and integrated presentation, or report.

  • §23: Teaching:
    • The developing brain:
      • >Top for babies; 'Mama' is the center of the Mind Map. from her radiate the main branches of love, food, warmth, protection, transport and education.
        • The baby instinctively Mind Maps internally, from the moment it is born.
    • Applications of Mind Maps in teaching:
      • to prepare lecture notes;
        • much faster than writing it out.
        • is easy to update.
        • to enable the speaker to hold a perfect balance between a spontaneously spoken and fresh talk.
        • to adjust the talk to a greater or lesser length, as required.
      • Yearly planning:
        • to give an overview of the whole year's programme and the type of lessons.
      • Term planning;
        • Sub-division of the yearly plan; often to take the form of a smaller Mind Map expanding from branches.
      • Daily planning:
        • similar form to that of the daily Mind Map diary.; to record the specific details of lessons.
      • Lessons and presentations.
        • Using a large blackboard, or overhead projector, the teacher can draw the corresponding part of the Mind Map.
        • Skeleton Mind Maps can also be handed out.
      • Examinations:
        • it shows the teach at a glance whether or not the students have a general grasp of the subject, as well as their strengths and weaknesses.
    • Special Education
    • >Top Benefits of teaching with Mind Maps
      • to inspire interest and to make them more receptive and cooperative.
      • to make lessons and presentations more spontaneous, creative and enjoyable, both for the teacher and the students.
      • to make the teacher's notes more flexible and adaptable
      • to show not just the facts but the relationships between those facts, thus giving the students a deeper understanding of the subject.
      • to reduce dramatically the physical volume of lecture notes.
      • to be useful for children with learning difficulties, or dyslexia.

  • §24: Creating the Master Mind Map:
    • Mind Mapping a book
    • Mind Mapping from lectures/computers
    • Reviewing your Mind Map notes
    • >Top Creating a Master Mind Map:
      • Every time you read a book, your can record any major new insight on your Master Mind Map, thus creating an external mirror-image of your growing network of internal knowledge.
        • E.g.: bird classification and orders
        • the boundaries of the Mind Map begin to edge into other subjects and disciplines.
        • neurophysiology, mathematics, philosophy, astronomy, geography, meteorology, ecology, ...
    • Benefits of Mind Map notes and the Master Mind Map

7. 教育利用:

  • §22: 思考:
    • 随筆のためのMind Map
      • 筆が止まる場合
    • 試験のためのMind Map
    • プロジェクトのためのMind Map
    • 連結のためのフック







  • §23: 教育
    • 幼児のMind Mapの中心はママ
    • Mind Mapによる教育
      • 事実だけでなく事実の関連性
















  • §24: マスターMind Map:
    • 読書の都度キーワード記入
    • Mind Mapノートを復習
    • マスターMind Map作成
      • 主要mna
      • dousatu
      • 記憶の外部鏡像
      • 項目の相互浸透
      • 神経生理学・数学・哲学・天文・地理・隕石・生態学

>Top 8. Uses - Business & Professional:

  • §25: Meetings:
    • Mind Mapping as individuals
    • Mind Mapping as a group
      • to have a Master Mind Map on a large board, screen; the elected scribe can register every contribution and place it within the overall structure of the meeting.
      • can incorporate both brain storming and planning.
      • cut through informational prejudice, gives more objective and integrate view.
        • in traditional meetings preference is given; who speak first, last, loudest, with particular accents, with a higher level of vocabulary, or with a greater position of authority.
    • Chairing a meeting with a Mind Map
      • si useful for chairing meetings.; can use fundamental frame to add thoughts, guide discussions, and record the basic outline; with color coding.
    • Benefits of Mind Maps for meetings:
      • to ensure every member understands the viewpoints of the other members.
      • to include all individual contributions within the group
      • a complete record of the meeting, ensuring that everyone understands and remembers what has been decided.
      • is an efficient means of communications; take about 1/5 of time by traditional meetings.
  • §26: Presentations:
    • Using Mind Maps to prepare a presentation:
      • to draw the central image, then to do a quick-fire Mind Map burst of any ideas
      • to organize your main branches and fill other key words
      • look at your Mind Map again and pare it down ever further, getting rid of all extraneous material.
    • Mind Mapping vs. linear preparation
      • Write English is very different from spoken English.
      • Mind Map give the presenter a perfect balance between the spontaneity of natural talk and the structure of worked-out ideas. This powerful combination is the key to effective presentation.
      • A Pre-prepared speech is always out of date.
      • After 20 minutes, the attention of the people in the the first 30 rows tend to be less on the content of the speech.
    • Giving a Mind Mapped presentation
    • Example of a Mind Mapped presentation
    • Benefits of Mind Maps for presentations.
      • increase eye contact with the audience.
      • give you freedom of movement.
      • increase involvement, both for the speaker and the audience.
      • utilise a greater range of cortical skills.
      • enable your to adapt your presentation to the needs of the audience and to time it precisely.
      • make it easier to alter or expand on key points.
      • result in a more memorable, effective and enjoyable performance.
  • §27: Management:
    • Using Mind Maps for management:
    • Examples of management Mind Maps:
      • Management Structure
        • Organization
        • Roots
        • Cooperation
        • Acquisitions
        • Sales
        • Reorganization
      • Marketing:
        • Marketing Matrix Mind Map (MMMM):
      • Leadership
      • Time Management
      • Accountancy - Practice Development
      • Dangers
      • Practice Development
      • Expansion
      • Multiple Uses-in-One:
    • Benefits of Mind Maps for management:
  • §28: Computer Mind Mapping:
    • Creating and editing a Computer Mind Map
    • Managing complexity
    • Sharing: by printing, email, viewer, HTML, PDF
    • Adding intelligence
    • Transferring knowledge
    • Transformations - looking at things differently
    • Team working
    • Delivering results
    • The future of Computer Mind Maps:
  • §29: Towards a Radiant Thinking & Mentally Literate World:
      • Radiant Thinking human brain

8. ビジネス利用:

  • §25: 会議


  • §26: プレゼン:
    • プレゼン準備
    • 従来のリニアとの比較
    • Mind Mapプレゼンの優位性:
      • 聴衆とのeye contact
      • 自由な動き
      • 聴衆を巻き込む
      • 聴衆に考えさせる
      • 時間管理
      • キーポイントの編集
      • 記憶しやすい・おもしろい




  • §27: マネジメント:



  • §28: コンピュータMind Map:
    • HTML, PDF
    • Webとの連携
  • The Mind Map not only uses images, but it is an image.
  • Mind Mapはイメージを利用するだけでなく、それ自身がイメージである。

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