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The last presentation
for NEC Soft Ltd.


Kanzo Kobayashi



The last presentation for NEC Soft Ltd.


  1. Globalism in the Information Age:
  2. Index:
  3. My career and background:
  4. What is global?:
  5. Various universes:
  6. Diachronic (historical) viewpoint:
  7. ynchronic viewpoint:
  8. Recent network theory:
  9. Value of network:
  10. Clash of the civilizations:
  11. GINI index:
  12. Fundamentals of nine countries:
  13. Relative comparison of nine countries:
  14. Ratio of youth population:
  15. Global adaptability:
  16. Linux market share:
  17. Distorted map:
  1. 情報化時代におけるグローバリズム:
  2. 目次:
  3. IT業界との関わり:
  4. グローバルとは?:
  5. さまざまな宇宙観:
  6. 通時的(歴史的)視点:
  7. 共時的視点:
  8. 最近のネットワーク理論:
  9. ネットワークの価値:
  10. 文明の衝突:
  11. ジニ係数:
  12. 9ヶ国基礎データ:
  13. 9ヶ国の相対比較:
  14. 若者人口比率:
  15. グローバルな適応性:
  16. Linux 市場シェア:
  17. ゆがんだ地図:
  • I have been happy to have job opportunity in Itochu and NEC Soft, the former taught me what is global and the latter gave me deep involvement in IT industry.
  • I'd be appreciated to have such opportunity as my last presentation today, summarizing the essence gained during 35 years at Itochu and two & a quarter year at NEC Soft.
  • Thank you friends and colleagues. I recollect the phrase that "old soldiers never die, just fade away."
  • 伊藤忠商事とNECソフトに仕事を得られたことを幸運に思う。前者はグローバルとは何かを教えてくれ後者はIT産業に深く関与させてくれた。
  • このように今日、小生の最後のプレゼンの機会を与えてくれたことを感謝したい。お陰で伊藤忠での35年間およびNECソフトでの2年3ヶ月のエッセンスをまとめることができた。
  • 友人と同僚に感謝したい。「老兵は死なず、只消えゆくのみ」という言葉を思い出す。

>Top 0. Globalism in the Information Age:

  • The theme "Globalism in the information age" is a contemporary issue.
  • I learned globalism mainly through 35-year Itochu life, and the Information age I cultivated through 2-year & more NEC Soft life.
  • I appreciate friends and colleagues of Itochu and NEC Soft to spare the time for my presentation. I'd like summarize the essence got through the both companies as the farewell presentation.
  • The continued stories will appear in this homepage. Your visit here will be mostly appreciated.

>Top 1. Index:

  • Here is today's index. All these issues are related to 'globalism' and 'feature of network'.My career and background, and relation to the IT industry through Itochu, Itochu-NTT affiliate, and NEC Soft.
  1. There are several outlooks of universe throughout history.
  2. Diachronic (historical) viewpoint, and synchronic viewpoint
  3. Value of network
  4. Clash of the civilization
  5. GINI index
  6. Comparison of 9 countries
  7. Global adaptability
  8. Topics of OSS
  9. Distorted map

>Top 2. My career and background:

  • Since 1986, one year after the year of deregulation of Japanese Telecom Business law and privatization of NTT, I could have happily experienced various relationship with rapidly changing IT industry:
  • as a investor or a trader at Itochu business or development div.,
  • as a user at Itochu MIS Div.,
  • as vendors at NTT/Itochu affiliate companies and the present NEC Soft,
  • and also have been involved in the IT community and public organization.
  • also I experienced twice overseas life at Australia and Saudi Arabia as expatriate of Itochu.
  • In my eyes many scenes of success and unsuccess came and went.

>Top 3. What is global?:

  • There are two axes to understand 'global.'
  • Y-axis is weather it is UNI or MULTI. Globalism is aimed to be universal like global standard. ('universe' means 'one'+'whole')
  • The opposite concept is individual or local as individual life style or mindset, or each personality.
  • X-axis means, a bit differently, weather it is restricted or free (open). Independence or self-driven is one of the most important value of a nation.
  • The opposite idea is recent trend of internationalism or borderless situation. The flow of people, money, goods, and information are getting free and borderless.
  • Thus globalism has two concept of universalism and borderlessness.
  • On the other hand localism appears in various nations and local communities.
  • 'Glocal' is a new concept of glocal and local as synthesis.

>Top 4. Various universes:

  • Globe means the earth. There are historical transition of outlook of the the earth, or universe.
  • Ancient Egyptian believed the sun-god (Ra) comes out on a boat with the sun from the death world (underworld) every morning along the celestial Nile river.
  • Ancient Indian believed that the world is supported by the back of three big elephants, which are on a gigantic tortoise. Also this tortoise is surrounded by a gigantic snake which bites its own tail.
  • Ancient Greek believed the world is flat and surrounded by a big ocean. This ocean is also surrounded by tall wall which composes celestial sphere.
  • In 150 AD, Ptolemaios described the model of universe system (Ptolemaic system). The earth is the center of the universe, and all other celestial bodies revolve around it. (Geocentric model)
  • In 1530 Copernican revolution: discovered the planets orbits the sun. But he thought the stars are only background attached to the celestial sphere.
  • In 1929 Edwin Hubble argued expansion of the universe.
  • Thus, viewpoint of globalism or universe varies according to the knowledge of human beings. In other words, there will be layers of concept of universe, and we recognize the intellectual humility.

>Top 5. Diachronic (historical) viewpoint:

  • This schematic viewpoint is proposed by Prof. Kumon of Glocom of IUJ.
  • Modernization from 1550 can be described as a S-shaped curve with three smaller S-curves with the interval of 200 years. This seems to compose a fractal structure. The overlapped portion shows concurrent period of mature stage of the former S-curve and advent of the next one.
  • The present belongs to concurrent period of mature stage of Industrialization (small red S-curve) and advent stage of Informatization (small green S-curve)

>Top 6. Synchronic viewpoint:

  • Bell-shaped (Normal) distribution has been long assumed as common and natural distribution like the size of human beings, etc.
  • But recently it has been noticed that various social phenomena often shows power distribution beyond our expectations.
  • Samples:
    • Population of cities
    • Popular movie film
    • Popular travel destination
    • Frequency of English words
    • Access of popular blogs ....
  • Clay Sirky points out that it may rather bring more unequality as the result of increase of diversity and freedom of choice.
  • In this universe where we live, power distribution could be comprehensive.

>Top 7. Recent network theory:

  • Strength of weak ties:
    Our close friends are often friends with each other as well, fully connected by strong ties (black line).
  • But weak ties (green line) connect the members to their acquaintances. Such weak ties play an important role in social activities from spreading rumors to getting a job. (often called as opinion leaders, power users)
  • The bottom red graph shows a continuous change of distribution (from right to left) perfect equality, standard distribution, power law distribution, and perfect inequality (=monopoly).
  • We, engineers, should know more about features of social network.

>Top 8. Value of network:

  • Value of broadcast depends on the number of viewers. (N)
  • Bob Metcalfe, inventor of Ethernet, states that the value of communication network grow with square of the number of users. (N^2)
  • Reed's law:
    Network like the Internet, Group Forming Networks (GFN) enables affiliations (such as interest groups, clubs, communities, chat) among subsets of its customers.
  • The number of subsets that can be formed from a set of N members is 2^N - N - 1, which grows as 2^N. Thus potential number of groups grows exponentially with N.

>Top 9. Clash of the civilizations:

  • This is a simplified world map with major group of cultures.
  • Samuel Huntington says that in the post Cold War world, the most important distinctions among people are not ideological, political, or economic. They are cultural.
  • He also describes (in 1996, not now!) the image of world anarchy with breakdown of governmental authority, ethnic or religious conflict, emergence of international criminal mafias, refugees, proliferation of nuclear or weapons of mass destruction, the spread of terrorism, ....

>Top 10. GINI index:

  • GINI index is a measure of inequality developed by Italian statistician Corrado Gini in 1912, where 0 corresponds with perfect equality and 100 with perfect inequality.
  • Generally GINI index ranges 20-30. But market mechanism tends to increase GINI index around 30-40. It is said if this index exceeds more than 50, social uncertainty grows.
  • Most of European countries and Japan and Canada keep lower indices, while former socialist countries show relatively higher indices. (Socialist had pursued more equal society.)
  • US is increasing rapidly GINI index.
  • It need to study more the relationship of GINI index between effectiveness of social politics and market mechanism.

>Top 11. Fundamentals of nine countries:

  • 9 typical countries are selected to compare the basic statistics, including US, Germany, Japan & Korea, and BRICs.
  • Population is in million.
  • Population growth is in %.
  • Median of population is age. Japan and Germany are typically aged society.
  • GDP growth is in %
  • GDP per capita (PPP) is in US$.
  • GINI index is the same with the former map. But it is conspicuous that US shows as much as 46.2, which means economic divide: the rich becomes richer, the poor becomes poorer.

>Top 12. Relative comparison of nine countries:

  • This is relative graph of the former data. Each country has relative bar graph compared to the top ranking nation (100%).
  • The demographic imbalance is remarkable: China and India. Population of India is still growing very rapidly.
  • Median age show how Japan and Germany are elder societies.

>Top 13. Ratio of youth population:

  • In 1970s and 80s there was not a big difference of ratio of youth population (15-24 years)
  • Muslim countries with high growth of birth rate are estimated to maintain relatively higher ratio of youth population.
  • Other regions tend to decrease youth ratio.
  • Thus various unsolved social problems in most of muslim countries may be related to this higher ratio of youth ratio.
  • Because youth need more food, new habitation, stronger interest for the future, and more direct response of moral sense, etc.
  • Even in Japan, when the baby-boomers were students, radial social protest movements were active.

>Top 14. Global adaptability:

  • Here is a vaulting box of 10 layers showing adaptability of foreign cultures.
  • For a japanese, Japanese food is the best, but we must familiarize local food if we want stay long there.
  • The lower layers mostly composed of physical barriers, while the upper more mental ones.
  • In order to communicate, debate or dispute people of different culture, we must be more flexible and more patient to overcome cultural difference.
  • Challenging sprit is always urged in jumping vaulting box and being global.

>Top 15. Linux market share:

  • At NEC Soft, I am involved in various Linux related activities such as OSDL-Japan.
  • In 2005 I visited Vietnam 5 times to make survey eGov & OSS situation in Vietnam.
  • METI is promoting to proliferate OSS technological transfer to Asian countries, cooperating with C-J-K.
  • Linux server is growing very rapidly with more then 20% (CAGR)
  • Even Linux desktop is growing steadily.
  • Piracy problem is one of the motivation of migrating into Linux system as well as TCO reduction.

>Top 16. Distorted map:

  • I encountered this distorted map in a pamphlet of ARAMCO in 1979 when I stayed in Saudi Arabia.
  • This map is described according to comparative oil reserves.
  • Unfortunately, we couldn't find Japan on this map.
  • The confidence of people of oil producing countries is reflected on this distorted map, like Arabian continent rather than peninsula.
  • Let's try to describe another distorted map comparable creativity, affluence of ideas, skillfulness of manufacturing, or faithfulness of peace-loving mind, etc.
  • Every nation, every tribe, every company, or everybody has its own distorted map according to respective interest.

  • >Top
  • There is another distorted map made in 17C by Europeans at 22F reception hall of Itochu building.
  • This is also another reality and recognition of the world at that time.
  • Thank you for Mr. H. Miyamoto who arranged everything giving me such a wonderful opportunity. I swear to continue further efforts to find more fact and understanding.
  • このような素晴らしい機会を与えるべくすべてを準備してくれた宮本博氏に感謝したい。これからもさらなる事実と理解のための努力を続けたい。

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